Hospice Care Fraud: A Wrong Amounting to Theft from the Terminally Ill

hospicehandsHospice care workers are some of the most amazing people you’ll ever encounter.  Not only do they care for people in their final days, they also care for the patient’s families.  All forms of Medicare fraud result in theft of taxpayer’s money and endanger the health of beneficiaries, but there’s something particularly insidious about hospice fraud.  Our Medicare fraud attorney is honored to work with private individuals who observe these wrongs and step forward to help stop them.

FBI Reports on Case of Hospice Fraud

Last week, the FBI posted a report dealing with a case of hospice care fraud in Oklahoma (note: all assertions in this post regarding the case are per the FBI’s report).  P.K. owned a hospice center and, together with certain colleagues, submitted fraudulent claims to Medicare totaling in the millions of dollars.  From June 2010 to July 2013, the conspirators did not comply with the rules and regulations governing Medicare-eligible hospice centers.  They actively concealed the actual health status of patients and falsely reported the treatment provided, including claiming nurse visits that never actually occurred and altering files to make patients appear sicker than they actually were.  While hospice is intended for the terminally ill, specifically patients with a life expectancy of six months or less, many patients remained at the center for five to seven years.  When an audit was performed to review services in the state, P.K. provided falsified documents to those conducting the audit.

The FBI reports that P.K. kept a substantial portion of the payments Medicare made to the center and used business accounts to fund her personal lifestyle.  After a trial, she was ordered to make $2.5 million in restitution and also owes $5.4 million to cover Medicare overpayments.  She has also been sentenced to a term in federal prison.

The Best and the Worst: Hospice Care and Hospice Fraud

As the FBI states, while most people go into medical care to serve, “Unfortunately, there are also some unscrupulous individuals who do it because they think they can take advantage of the health care system for their own financial gain.”  Hospice care seems to attract the best of both groups – those committed to helping others and those committed to helping themselves.  According to a resource paper for the Senior Medicare Patrols (“SMPs”), a group that empowers beneficiaries and their loved ones to detect and report fraud, Medicare A’s hospice benefit covers certain palliative and support services for terminally ill individuals expected to live six months or less.  This includes personal care, therapy, medical equipment, and other aid.  In 2011, there were a total of 3,585 Medicare-certified hospice centers, a 43% increase from 2005, and 1.2 million Medicare beneficiaries received some form of hospice care.  In 2007, Medicare spent $10.1 billion on hospice services.  In 2012, the figure rose to $14.9 billion

The SMP resource paper explains that hospice fraud occurs in a number of different settings including private homes, hospital and nursing home hospice centers, and stand-alone hospice facilities.  Common forms of hospice fraud noted in the report include: Referral payments (e.g., kickbacks to physicians and nursing homes); Bills reflecting a higher level of care than that provided; Cases lacking needed physician certifications; Falsified eligibility and certification documents; Improper marketing to ineligible Medicare members; and, quite simply, Failure to provide adequate or complete services.

Whistleblowers and Our Law Firm Fighting Hospice Fraud Together

Hospice care should be a caring service that helps patients and families deal with some of the toughest days imaginable.  Fraud in this arena should not be tolerated.  If you believe you’ve witnessed this or other forms of Medicare fraud, please call our hospice care fraud law firm at (800)-427-7020.  Help us fight fraud that steals from this important program.

See Related Blog Posts:

Working With Whistleblowers in the Fight Against Hospice Care Fraud

Medicare Fraud and the Home Health Care Industry

(Image by Lee Haywood)

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